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A Pilot City for Solid Waste Management (SWM)
Solid Waste Management is one of the most important functions of the urban local Bodies (ULBs). SWM function is directly linked with the beautification, environment, hygiene of the city and are directly related with the health of the people. The Municipal Solid Waste Management is the pressing demand from the community all over the urban areas in Himachal Pradesh. This service falls under the essential charter of the duties of our Municipal Governance.
Solid waste management has received particular attention to urban local bodies (ULBs) in Himachal Pradesh; National Green Tribunal (NGT) has taken serious view of the dismail state of affairs in Management of SWM and issued direction to State Government as well as ULBs to tackle the problem of Solid Waste Management (SWM). NGT is closely monitoring the Management of Solid Waste in Urban areas in Himachal Pradesh. Department of Urban Development has taken the initiative to make cities free from the solid waste and in this regard Sunder Nagar and Dharamshala Municipal Councils has chosen as pilot city in the State. After successful implementation of SWM project in the pilot city, it can be replicated in all the ULBs of Himachal Pradesh.
In this regard to enhance the capacities of the elected representatives, officials, Community Based Organizations, Mahila Mandals, Yuvak Mandals, Community leader’s etc. capacity building programmes is essential to involve all stakeholders in the process for making cities free from solid waste.
Solid waste is any material which comes from domestic, commercial, and industrial sources arising from human activities which is of no use to the people who possess it and not intended to be discharged through a pipe. Solid waste is classified into domestic, commercial due to construction and demolition, agricultural, institutional and miscellaneous ways. Many times domestic and commercial wastes are considered together as urban waste.


(i) Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme aims atcombining the existing schemes of VAMBAY and NSDP under the new IHSDP Scheme for having an integrated approach in meliorating the conditions of the urban slum dwellers who do notpossess adequate shelter and reside in dilapidated conditions.
(ii) The scheme is applicable to all cities and towns as per 2001Census except cities/towns covered under Jawahar Lal NehruNational Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
(iii) The scheme seeks to enhance public and private investments inhousing and infrastructural development in urban areas.
The basic objective of the Scheme is to strive for holistic slum development with a healthy and enabling urban environment by providing adequate shelter and basic infrastructure facilities to the slum dwellers of the identified urban areas.
(i) The scheme will apply to all cities/towns, excepting cities/townscovered under JNNURM. The target group under the scheme is slum dwellers from all sections of the community through acluster approach.
(ii) Allocation of funds among States will be on the basis of the States’ urban slum population to total urban slum population in the country.

Concept Note on NULM

NULM aims to reduce poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots level institutions of the poor. In addition, the mission would also address livelihood concerns by facilitating access to suitable spaces, institutional credit, social security and skills to the urban poor for accessing emerging market opportunities.
Objectives of NULM
i. Building strong grassroots level institution of Poor.
ii. Bank Account opening of SHG’s & its Members
iii. Providing Revolving fund to the eligible groups
iv. Capacity Building of SHG Members
v. Enabling Urban Poor to access gainful self employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis

The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management and bringing about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices.
The mission aims to cover 1.04 crore households, provide 2.5 lakh community toilets, 2.6 lakh public toilets, and a solid waste management facility in each town. Under the programme, community toilets will be built in residential areas where it is difficult to construct individual household toilets. Public toilets will also be constructed in designated locations such as tourist places, markets, bus stations, railway stations, etc. The programme will be implemented over a five-year period in 4,401 towns.
The total assistance available for construction of an individual toilet is Rs 4000/- from the Central Government and an amount of Rs 1333/- at least from the State Government. However, there is no bar on releasing any extra funds at any stage by the ULB/State Government through additional resources.
The expected assistance for construction of community toilets - Central Government will contribute upto 40% of the cost of construction of community toilet as a VGF/ outright grant. As per SBM guidelines, the States/UTs shall provide an additional 13.33% for the said component.